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At the beginning of the seventeenth century, Paris was known for isolated monuments but had not yet put its brand on urban space. Like other European cities, it was still emerging from its medieval past. But in a mere century Paris would be transformed into the modern and mythic city we know today.

Though most people associate the signature characteristics of Paris with the public works of the nineteenth century, Joan DeJean demonstrates that the Parisian model for urban space was in fact invented two centuries earlier, when the first complete design for the French capital was drawn up and implemented. As a result, Paris saw many changes. It became the first city to tear down its fortifications, inviting people in rather than keeping them out. Parisian urban planning showcased new kinds of streets, including the original boulevard, as well as public parks and the earliest sidewalks and bridges without houses. Venues opened for urban entertainment of all kinds, from opera and ballet to a pastime invented in Paris, recreational shopping. Parisians enjoyed the earliest public transportation and street lighting, and Paris became Europe''s first great walking city.

A century of planned development made Paris both beautiful and exciting. It gave people reasons to be out in public as never before and as nowhere else. And it gave Paris its modern identity as a place that people dreamed of seeing. By 1700, Paris had become the capital that would revolutionize our conception of the city and of urban life.

Review

“This lively history charts the growth of Paris from a city of crowded alleyways and irregular buildings into a modern marvel.” ―New Yorker

“The greatest strength of How Paris Became Paris is the richness of its subject matter. DeJean is fluent with the material and has conducted thorough research, with many interesting primary sources . . . Well worth reading.” ―Washington Post

“DeJean''s depth and scope of research are impressive . . . Like its subject, DeJean''s biography of Paris emanates charm and wit. What makes [her] analysis so intriguing is her capacity to weave strands of history together. With such rich context, How Paris Became Paris is more than a history: It''s the best kind of travel guidebook.” ―BookPage

“Illuminating . . . Dejean obviously knows and loves Paris, and she provides coherent history that effectively explains the evolution of a city built by a few prescient men.” ―starred review, Kirkus Reviews

“Witty and engaging . . . With panache and examples from primary sources, guidebooks, maps, and paintings, she illustrates how Paris changed people''s conception of a city''s potential.” ―Publishers Weekly (Top Ten Travel Books this Spring)

How Paris Became Paris teaches us a great deal about the origins of the modernity we have, and spurs us to contemplate the modernity we want.” ―Make Literary Magazine

About the Author

Joan DeJean is Trustee Professor at the University of Pennsylvania. She is the author of ten books on French literature, history, and material culture, including most recently T he Age of Comfort: When Paris Discovered Casual and the Modern Home Began and The Essence of Style: How the French Invented High Fashion, Fine Food, Chic Cafés, Style, Sophistication, and Glamour. She lives in Philadelphia and, when in Paris, on the street where the number 4 bus began service on July 5, 1662.

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4.4 out of 54.4 out of 5
207 global ratings

Top reviews from the United States

CW
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
AP World History Review: informative, biased
Reviewed in the United States on March 10, 2019
I have always had an interest in France, specifically Paris, so I read this book to learn more about the history and evolution of the city of light. An interesting fact I learned from this book was the reason why Paris is known as the city of light. The King of France at... See more
I have always had an interest in France, specifically Paris, so I read this book to learn more about the history and evolution of the city of light. An interesting fact I learned from this book was the reason why Paris is known as the city of light. The King of France at the time noticed how criminal activity was abnormally high during the night so he decided to put up thousands of lamp posts with candles in them to brighten the city and lessen the criminal activity. There were many other interesting facts like this throughout the book that I really enjoyed learning about.

While I enjoyed the book, one thing I noticed is that the author constantly talked about how Paris was amazing and she never truly stated anything negative towards the city. I feel that she was very biased towards Paris and supported almost every decision it made in the past. This leads me to wonder about counter perspectives and makes me want to read further on the subject to get more of a well rounded explanation of Paris'' history.
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Greg Polansky
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
A History of 16th and 17th century Paris.
Reviewed in the United States on June 1, 2016
In this focused history of Paris, the author posits the idea that the Paris of the 21st century that we know and love was actually formed in the 16th and 17th centuries and not during the time period of Baron Haussmann. The book is a cultural history that focuses on the... See more
In this focused history of Paris, the author posits the idea that the Paris of the 21st century that we know and love was actually formed in the 16th and 17th centuries and not during the time period of Baron Haussmann. The book is a cultural history that focuses on the architecture, fashion, and urban fabric of Paris. In a series of chapters, DeJean explores the meaning of the Pont Neuf - the oldest standing bridge in Paris, the lighting of Paris that transformed the nightlife of the city, the construction of an island in the Seine that created some of the most noteworthy architecture of the time period, the creation of boulevards and parks, the destruction of the city walls, the creation of the Post, and the rise of Fashion, capital F.

If you know history, you may wonder if Paris really was the invention of a lot of these things. Fashion for instance, for those who know their history, is not something that existed only in Paris. Or that was created in fashion. So some of the chapters may stretch your ability to believe. But in terms of the chapters of architecture, the author does make a good case that we should be focusing on kings like Henri IV and Louis XIV when discussing the transformation of Paris. Baron Haussmann, supposedly, copied a lot of ideas that were already implemented in the 17th century.

This is a quick and easy read at around 300 pages. And it is an insightful book. Whether the modern city was invented in Paris is another question that I''m sure authors focused on other cities will have different answers to. Still, this is an excellent history of a vital couple of centuries in the history of Paris.
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Diana Wilder
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Fascinating and enjoyable...and an excellent sourcebook
Reviewed in the United States on September 26, 2014
I enjoy tales of fabulous characters, whether historical or imaginary, that follow them from their first appearance to their moment of highest triumph (or despair). What brought them about, what made them ''them'', the turns and twists of fortune? In the book I speak of... See more
I enjoy tales of fabulous characters, whether historical or imaginary, that follow them from their first appearance to their moment of highest triumph (or despair). What brought them about, what made them ''them'', the turns and twists of fortune? In the book I speak of this month, one of my favorite characters is studied, her history recounted, illustrations of her growth in grace and charm, some account of the influences that made her what she is...

This character was formed by a powerful man who, seeing her, visualized her as greater than she was at that moment. He had the power to direct actions, mold events, and it was through his love affair with this character that events that led her ultimate form were set in motion. His son and grandson crossed this character''s path, as well, each bringing changes and molding her with their actions and personality

I met this character in person, myself, in May of 1990, during a time of upheaval in my life. I was writing a story that features her. I have to say that I was charmed by her, fascinated, even enchanted. She remained a very important character of my WIP (Volume 1 is now published). I love to read about her, to see how others perceive her. I am not reviewing a book about a queen, a courtesan, a goddess or a great heroine, but a book about a city: Paris.

Paris is the first of the great ''modern'' cities. Others have copied Paris. My home city, Philadelphia, has The Ben Franklin Parkway, which is a copy of the Champs-Elysees. The City Hall there is a copy of the Hotel de Ville. I am working on a project involving Paris as a sort of setting. I needed to understand the history and the development of that city. I found the book, bought it and read it. I thought it would be informative. I did not expect it to be entertaining.

DeJean starts with the sentence what makes a city great? The book goes on from there.

Prior to the 17th century, Rome was the most celebrated European city, famous for its past. People made pilgrimages to Rome to visit its ancient monuments and historic churches, to seek inspiration. Novelty and excitement were not on the agenda. And then, in the 17th century, a city was invented (or, I think, reinvented) to hold a visitor''s attention and, itself, to provide enjoyment. This was Paris, the city as it is now, planned to be changed and enlarged, to grow into what it is now.

The history is fascinatingly told. For anyone who has studied European history, the names are familiar. One king had the idea, his son and grandsons followed. Essentially, Henri IV invented city planning. The book follows the changes (wars, invasions, revolutions) and the challenges (a river runs through it). It was perhaps the most useful thing I read for research, and not nearly as gory as some, history being what it is.

The construction of the book works. It is, after all, a history, so flows linearly. History involves people, and DeJean introduces the statesmen, rulers, ministers and citizens. The dreamers, the liars, the schemers... She ties the changes in culture in with the changes in the cityscape. The wide avenues that Paris is now famous for were novelties that encouraged leisurely strolling. Not going from one place to another, but strolling to see and be seen. Flirtation as a pastime, conveyances (fiacres, the original taxi cabs), modes of address... Architecture, too: the first balconies appeared in Paris, allowing residents to enjoy people-watching. And if people are strolling past your house, perhaps spiffing it up, or rebuilding it in a more magnificent form was desirable. And that fabulous piece of furniture, the boon for nappers and waiters-for-friends, made its first appearance in 1678. The park bench.

The book contains lots of illustrations including maps, engravings of citizens and celebrities. DeJean comments on them and ties them in to her narrative.

I bought this as a sourcebook. Rather like The Civil War Day By Day: An Almanac, 1861-1865 (Da Capo Paperback) , or a topographical map of Georgia. Sourcebooks are useful, informative, generally interesting but not re-reads. Enjoyable ones are unusual. Joan DeJean writes in a flowing, chatty fashion. The linear structure of the book makes it into a history rather than an encyclopedia. For a sourcebook, I give it five stars.

...And, thanks to this book. I now have the perfect comeback line for someone who says, "Well, Paris was just a jumble of twisty, dark, dirty streets until Napoleon III and his minister, Baron Haussman, tore it all apart and rebuilt the city around 1850." "No, you''re wrong. Paris as it is now was planned four hundred years ago. Go forth and read."

Unfortunately, such people are rare.
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Steven PetersonTop Contributor: Baseball
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
The evolution of a great city. . . .
Reviewed in the United States on June 28, 2014
I did not know quite what to expect when I ordered this book. But the blurbs made this volume sound intriguing. Before the late 1500s, Paris was, as the author notes (page 4), "that urban disaster." From 1597 to 1700, though, the city was transformed. The... See more
I did not know quite what to expect when I ordered this book. But the blurbs made this volume sound intriguing.

Before the late 1500s, Paris was, as the author notes (page 4), "that urban disaster." From 1597 to 1700, though, the city was transformed. The country''s leaders called upon architects and other specialists to apply contemporary technology and knowledge to create a better city. This book focuses on some key changes over time--physical, economic, and cultural--to explain "How Paris Became Paris," a modern city.

Henri IV presided over the completion of Pont Neuf (the work began under an earlier King), a radical approach to making a bridge into a public place. It rapidly became a centerpiece for citizens of the city. Henri IV became committed to making Paris a better place, a more exciting and dynamic venue. Through Louis XIV, and even beyond, French kings expended labor and funding; even wealthy financiers became major actors in supporting construction.

Each chapter in this book explores a distinct element in the process of making Paris Paris. The first chapter considers the impact of the Pont Neuf. Chapter two examines the construction of Place Royale now, Place des Vosges). Chapter 3? Ile Saint-Louis. Chapter five summarizes major public works--boulevards, streets, and parks (Chapter four describes political turmoil--relevant as it slowed progress in the city''s transformation). Chapter six speaks of the introduction of lighting and better transportation and the impact of these. The remaining chapters move away from infrastructure and the physical changes to more cultural aspects: culture and fashion and shopping consume chapter seven; chapter 8 delves in to the financial world; chapter nine is entitled "City of Romance." The final chapter steps back, noting the new physical developments in Paris with Baron Haussmann in the mid-1850s. Then, the author goes back to summarize and contextualize the impressive development from the late 1500s to 1700, using objets d''art.

What is fascinating about this book is how a detailed case study of the various topics examined creates such a dynamic story of how Paris evolved over time. I have been to Ile Saint-Louis and had no concept that this was, in essence, a planned community, designed to develop an undeveloped area in Paris. Thus, the story in this book enriches an understanding of Paris.

All in all, an excellent work.
5 people found this helpful
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William Sowka
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Not Bad
Reviewed in the United States on December 24, 2018
A lot of books about Paris out there but none really stand out imo. This one is probably one of the better though. Filled with interesting factoids with good historical and well rounded perspective. What it lacks is, like most of the others, is verve, humor, stories,... See more
A lot of books about Paris out there but none really stand out imo. This one is probably one of the better though. Filled with interesting factoids with good historical and well rounded perspective. What it lacks is, like most of the others, is verve, humor, stories, decent photos/illustrations.
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Judith K. Binney
3.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
How the Parisian Scene Was Set
Reviewed in the United States on August 18, 2014
So many useful facts about the Pont Neuf and other architectural gems and the ways they changed French style and behavior during the time of Louis IV. For some reason, I think the book''s editor must have been asleep because there was so much repetition in Ms. De Jean''s... See more
So many useful facts about the Pont Neuf and other architectural gems and the ways they changed French style and behavior during the time of Louis IV. For some reason, I think the book''s editor must have been asleep because there was so much repetition in Ms. De Jean''s narrative and story. It seemed as if each chapter was meant to be a stand-alone piece, possibly for student lectures? Nonetheless, even though I lived in Paris for about 18 years I learned a lot in this book!
16 people found this helpful
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johnn
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
A good read despte the lack of maps
Reviewed in the United States on September 5, 2015
I had always thought that Paris as we know it came about during the Second Empire in the nineteenth century. This book proved that Paris became Paris during the reign of Henri IV, a Huguenot who reverted to Roman Catholicism in order to take the French throne. Much of... See more
I had always thought that Paris as we know it came about during the Second Empire in the nineteenth century. This book proved that Paris became Paris during the reign of Henri IV, a Huguenot who reverted to Roman Catholicism in order to take the French throne. Much of today''s Paris was constructed by Henri''s grandson, Louis XIV. I am a history buff and found the story how Paris became Paris to be quite interesting and informative. My biggest criticism is the lack of maps showing where all of the events took place. Having visited Paris several times during my lifetime, I found he lack of maps to be frustrating. However the book was certainly a good read.
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jean chases
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
A Pleasure To Read
Reviewed in the United States on November 23, 2014
This book was interesting-- packed with details, quick to read and burgeoning with great color plates and other illustrations from the 1600s that I kept going back to because I had, most likely, missed a detail that De Jean was pointing out again but in a new context. If... See more
This book was interesting-- packed with details, quick to read and burgeoning with great color plates and other illustrations from the 1600s that I kept going back to because I had, most likely, missed a detail that De Jean was pointing out again but in a new context. If this is history, lead me to it!

Essentially, the author states that ( mostly ) Louis XIV reinvented Paris and turned it from a wooden village into- almost- the city it is today. Walls came down, boulevards and walkways were created, wide bridges became places to see and to be seen strolling on, men and women mingled more than they had before. Aristocrats became models to emulate, no longer so far above the masses. Fashion became omnipresent, shopping as we know it, also. Words such as nouveau riche, parvenu, millionaire , financier and more date from the late 1600s in Paris. The city became lit with thousands of torches. Truly the city of light even then.

De Jean writes in an easy way so as to capture the reader. I put her other books on my to read list.
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Top reviews from other countries

Jacob la Cour
4.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Very good description of the developments of 17th century Paris
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on September 13, 2015
Very interesting book about some of the great inventions of the early modern age which took place in Paris. How medieval Paris developed, and how space for promenading lead to intermingling between classes, showing off, Development of fashion, shopping etc. The book...See more
Very interesting book about some of the great inventions of the early modern age which took place in Paris. How medieval Paris developed, and how space for promenading lead to intermingling between classes, showing off, Development of fashion, shopping etc. The book focusses on the period from 1600-1700 and does thus not treat the transformation of Paris after the revolution and Haussmann''s great urban Development is only mentioned in 1-2 pages. The book contains numerous illustrations - most in black/white. More illustrations and maps had made it even better. It is also worth to note, that of the book''s 310 pages, the 85 are notes, bibliography and index.
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Jane
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Excellent service and quick delivery, as usual.
Reviewed in the United Kingdom on April 8, 2021
I was very pleased with the quality of this book and the speed of its delivery.
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Pierre Gauthier
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Oustanding!
Reviewed in Canada on May 18, 2015
In this well researched work, Ms. Joan DeJean very convincingly defends the thesis that Paris became, in the 17th century, the first « modern » city, notably awarding a high priority to pedestrians’ enjoyment. The originality of the book lies not so much in the information...See more
In this well researched work, Ms. Joan DeJean very convincingly defends the thesis that Paris became, in the 17th century, the first « modern » city, notably awarding a high priority to pedestrians’ enjoyment. The originality of the book lies not so much in the information provided, with which most connoisseurs of Paris would be familiar, but in the links the author draws between various phenomena. Thus, the construction of the wide Pont-Neuf with its sidewalks and later the creation of the Tuileries garden are seen as providing new urban spaces that could be shared by men and women of all social classes. In another respect, the replacement of the Paris city walls by tree-lined boulevards is connected directly to Louis XIV’s decision to commission Vauban to construct massive strongholds at all the kingdom’s boundaries. Yet in another field, the improvement and beautification of Paris are seen as fitting in with royal policy to produce luxury goods locally and the desire to showcase them adequately to locals and foreigners alike. With a common sense reminiscent of Jane Jacob’s and like her without a training in urban planning, Ms, Dejean provides insights that perhaps only a newcomer to Paris could generate and proves more perceptive in many ways than the French themselves. The book is well illustrated, with black and white plates integrated with the main text and coloured ones sadly grouped separately in the middle of the book. Though all are captioned, there are frequent direct references to them in the text, what is in keeping with 21st century fashion. Though some may critique Ms. Dejean’s partiality in favour of Paris, she has produced an exceptional analysis that is warmly recommended to all city lovers.
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ParisBreakfast
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
Absolutely fabulously detailed book on 18th century Paris.
Reviewed in France on January 26, 2019
Absolutely fabulously detailed book on 18th century Paris. I have the hard copy but the typeface is much bigger on the Kindle version. By far easier to read and enjoy. I''ve been waiting years to read this book...now easy peasy.
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John R. Wright
5.0 out of 5 starsVerified Purchase
GREAT!
Reviewed in Canada on August 6, 2021
GREAT!
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